and the start of the Great Vowel Shift. In Bas Aarts; April McMahon. Retrieved 23 February 2015. Present Preterite First person I run I ran Second person You run You ran Third person John runs John ran English does not have a morphologised future tense. The single letter x is generally pronounced as /z/ in word-initial position and as /ks/ otherwise. At the time of the Survey of English Dialects, grammar and vocabulary differed across the country, but a process of lexical attrition has led most of this variation to disappear. It is alone among non-rhotic varieties in lacking intrusive. The personal pronouns retain a difference between subjective and objective case in most persons ( I/me, he/him, she/her, we/us, they/them ) as well as a gender and animateness distinction in the third person singular (distinguishing he/she/it ). The English system of grammatical person no longer has a distinction between formal and informal pronouns of address (the old 2nd person singular familiar pronoun thou acquired a pejorative or inferior tinge of meaning and was abandoned and. Additionally, some new words and collocations have emerged from the language, which come from the need to express concepts specific to the culture of the nation (e.g. via ScienceDirect (Subscription may be required or content may be available in libraries.) Eagleson, Robert. 103 Use of English is growing country-by-country internally and for international communication. Retrieved 16 December 2014. The earliest forms of English, a group of West Germanic (.